Composition, clay mineralogy ,and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma

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U.S. G.P.O., For sale by Books and Open-File Reports Section, U.S. Geological Survey , [Washington], Denver, CO
Sandstone -- Anadarko Basin., Geology, Stratigraphic -- Ordovician., Geology -- Anadarko Basin., Geology -- Oklahoma -- Grady County., Simpson G

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Simpson Group., Anadarko Basin., Oklahoma, Grady Co

Statementby Richard M. Pollastro.
SeriesEvolution of sedimentary basins--Anadarko basin ;, ch. H, U.S. Geological Survey bulletin ;, 1866
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQE75 .B9 no. 1866-H, QE471.15.S25 .B9 no. 1866-H
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 19 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2026739M
LC Control Number91002699

Composition, Clay Mineralogy, and Diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma By Richard M. Pollastro Abstract Mineralogic and petrologic analyses were performed on more than core samples of the Middle Ordovician Simp- son Group in the Sunray DX, Parker No.

1, Mazur well, Grady County, by: 2. Composition, clay mineralogy, and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Book, Internet Resource: All Authors / Contributors: Richard M Pollastro; Geological Survey (U.S.).

Composition, clay mineralogy, and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma / By Richard M. Pollastro and Geological Survey (U.S.) Abstract. A condensed review of the main processes of clay diagenesis in sedimentary series is presented by using specific examples issuing from the literature.

The Mexico Composition Coast drill sites illustrate clay diagenesis with depth of burial, involving mainly the illite-to-smectite transition and becoming active when overburden exceeds 2 km by: 9. Clay mineral - Clay mineral - Chemical and physical properties: Depending on deficiency in the positive or negative charge balance (locally or overall) of mineral structures, clay minerals are able to adsorb certain cations and anions and retain them around the outside of the structural unit in an exchangeable state, generally without affecting the basic silicate structure.

Clay materials are composed of solid, liquid and vapour phases. The solid phases are of mineral and organic phases that make up the framework of the clay materials. The mineralogy can be broadly subdivided into the clay and non-clay minerals, including poorly crystalline, so-called ‘amorphous’ inorganic phases.

By definition, minerals are crystalline solids with well-ordered crystal. Analyses of O and H isotopes (δ 18 O and δ 2 H) in diagenetic clay minerals of sandstones have been used increasingly to decipher primarily: (i) the palaeoclimatic conditions that prevailed during near‐surface diagenesis (eo‐ and telodiagenesis), (ii) precipitation temperature of the clay minerals, and (iii) the isotopic composition, origin and geochemical evolution of formation waters.

Clay Minerals () 17, GEOLOGICAL MODELLING OF CLAY DIAGENESIS IN SANDSTONES ANDREW HURST AND HILARY IRWIN* Geologisk Laboratorium, Statoil, Forus, PostboksN Stavanger, Clay mineralogy ,and diagenesis of the Simpson Group book.

Lithification and Diagenesis.

Download Composition, clay mineralogy ,and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma EPUB

Lithification turns loose sediment grains, created by weathering and transported by erosion, into clastic sedimentary rock via three interconnected tion happens when friction and gravity overcome the forces driving sediment transport, allowing sediment to tion occurs when material continues to accumulate on top of the sediment.

Purchase Applied Clay Mineralogy, Volume 2 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN  Kaolinite is one of the most common eogenetic clay minerals in sandstones (e.g.

Worden and Morad, ) and usually derives from feldspar alteration due to fluids rich in CO 2. Recent studies show that silica released from clay-mineral reactions in mudstones has been precipitated locally as small quartz crystals and not exported to adjacent sandstones.

If the geochemical constraints for mass transfer during burial diagenetic reactions are accepted, the chemical reactions involved in diagenesis can be written as. It is not possible to exactly match the clay mineralogy in our models to the reported CheMin results, so we average the composition of all sheet silicates in the system at W/R, and 10 (Figure 8) and compare this to the clays identified from the CheMin measurements [Vaniman et al., ] and that found in the nakhlite Martian.

Origin and Mineralogy of Clays, the first of two volumes, lays the groundwork for a thorough study of clays in the environment. Volume 2 will deal with Environmental Interaction. Going from soils to sediments to diagenesis and hydrothermal alteration, the book covers the whole spectrum of clays.

The clay minerals e.g. kaolinite, smectite, illite, chlorite, etc. are ubiquitous in the targeting rocks of oil and gas exploration. During the early age (s) of worldwide oil exploration, clay minerals were studied to predict the quality of organic rick source rock and generation mechanism when scientists tried to investigate the origin of oil and gas (Grim,Brooks, ).

Acid activation of clay minerals (25 pp, P. Komadel and J. Madejova) Thermally modified clay minerals (19 pp, Heller-Kallai) Clay mineral organic interactions (69 pp, G. Lagaly et al.) (13 pp, A. Brack) Pillared clays and clay minerals (29 pp, F. Bergaya et al.) Chapter 8, Properties and behaviour of iron in clay minerals (53 pp, J.W.

Stucki). Agate—a spectacular form of SiO2 and a famous gemstone—is commonly characterized as banded chalcedony. In detail, chalcedony layers in agates can be intergrown or intercalated with macrocrystalline quartz, quartzine, opal-A, opal-CT, cristobalite and/or moganite.

In addition, agates often contain considerable amounts of mineral inclusions and water as both. These provide the material for analysis of compositions and alterations in coastal and shallow marine clastic sedimentary rocks of the Middle Ordovician Simpson Group in Oklahoma and Kansas, U.S.A.

Mineral and geochemical data were obtained by optical petrography, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe, and whole.

Details Composition, clay mineralogy ,and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma FB2

Clay mineral assemblages in active plate tectonic margins are more diverse than those formed at passive margins or within plate basins (Merriman, ). Burial Diagenesis and Low-Grade Metamorphism. When sediments are buried, pressure and temperature increase, and the diagenesis stage of the clay mineral cycle begins.

In the first 3–5. Diagenesis of Siliciclastics. by Naomi Deirdre T. Reyes Siliciclastic rocks Silica-based, non-carbonaceous sediments. Grains created by weathering. Transported by surface processes: water, wind and ice Buried and lithified by: Compaction - Cementation Diagenesis Diagenesis is the physical and chemical processes that convert sediments into sedimentary rocks.

Diagenesis normally occurs at a. Sandstones and shales of the Wilcox Group (lower Eocene) in southwest Texas were examined by X-ray powder diffraction, electron microprobe, and petrographically to interpret their diagenetic history.

Samples analyzed are from depths of to m, representing a temperature range of 55 degrees C. MINERALOGY AND CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF CLAY MINERALS, TAG HYDROTHERMAL MOUND1 Anne Sturz,2 Mika Itoh,2 and Susan Smith3 ABSTRACT Herein we present preliminary results of a study of the distribution and chemical composition of clay minerals in rocks recovered from the Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse (TAG) hydrothermal mound.

mineral composition. Clay minerals within a buried body of slate are recrystallized at high temperatures and pressures to form mica, producing a rock called phyllite. A heavy book is placed on top of a ball of pizza dough, causing the dough to flatten. This is an application of _____ normal stress.

Clay minerals refers to a group of hydrous aluminosili-cates that predominate the clay-sized (minerals are similar in chemical and structural composition to the primary minerals that originate from the Earth's crust; however, transformations in the geometric arrangement of atoms and ions within their.

SEDIMENT GEOCHEMISTRY, CLAY MINERALOGY, AND DIAGENESIS: A SYNTHESIS OF DATA FROM LEGNANKAI TROUGH1 Michael B. Underwood,2 Kevin Pickering,3 Joris M. Gieskes,4 Miriam Kastner,4 and Robert Orr2 ABSTRACT This paper presents a synthesis of data from X-ray diffraction analyses of clay minerals and X-ray fluorescence analyses of.

The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity found host rocks of basaltic composition and alteration assemblages containing clay minerals at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater.

Description Composition, clay mineralogy ,and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma EPUB

On the basis of the observed host rock and alteration minerals, we present results of equilibrium thermochemical modeling of the Sheepbed mudstones of Yellowknife Bay in order to constrain the formation conditions of its. Composition, clay mineralogy,and diagenesis of the Simpson Group (Middle Ordovician), Grady County, Oklahoma / Includes bibliographical references.

@article{osti_, title = {Diagenesis and clay mineral formation at Gale Crater, Mars}, author = {Bridges, J. and Schwenzer, S. and Leveille, R. and Westall, F. and Wiens, R. and Mangold, N. and Bristow, T. and Edwards, P. and Berger, G.}, abstractNote = {The Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity found host rocks of basaltic composition and alteration assemblages containing.

In particular, clay minerals (i.e., smectite group, chlorite, illite, kaoline group, pyrophyllite, biotite) are pivotal for extrapolating important parameters that strongly affect the development of water/rock interaction processes such as the temperature and pH of the hydrothermal environment.

Concepts of the composition of clay materials; Classification and nomenclature of the clay minerals; Structure of the clay minerals; X-ray diffraction data; Shape and size - electron micrographs; Ion exchange; Clay-water system; Dehydration, rehydration, and changes taking place on heating methods of study; Clay-mineral organic reactions; Optical properties; Miscellaneous properties; Origin.

Quartzarenites and subarkoses in the Middle Ordovician Simpson Group in the Gulf Costello No. 1 and Sunray-DX Parker No. 1 Mazur wells, southeastern Anadarko basin, have undergone a complex diagenetic and petroleum-migration history. During early burial, petroleum migrated locally through sandstones; patches of bitumen in calcite and bitumen-lined quartz overgrowths containing oil-bearing.mineral composition.

Pulling a block of clay apart, resulting in the middle portion thinning and sinking, is an adequate analogy for _____. A heavy book is placed on top of a ball of pizza dough, causing the dough to flatten.

This is an application of _____.(). Clay Mineral Assemblages and Sandstone Compositions of the Mesozoic Longobucco Group, Northeastern Calabria: Implications for Burial History and Diagenetic Evolution. International Geology Review: Vol. 50, No. 12, pp.